Kolkata Municipal Corporation has taken an initiative to provide employment to 14000 youth through a 100 days work scheme called ‘West Bengal Urban Employment Scheme’ from January 2011. In this project youths were engaged in different types of work such as up gradation and improvement of slums, different types of engineering work, solid waste management, maintenance of parks and squares, different health services and for digging tube well. However, the number of people benefiting from this scheme has remained dismally low with only 25 days of employment provided by the government per household against the stipulated 100 days in 2012-13. In the current year, only 34 person days per household of employment has been provided, with the number not rising above 50 in all intermediate years of implementation. In this situation the need was felt to assess the performance of West Bengal Urban Employment Scheme to find out the real picture and assess whether it is actually successful or just a political stunt to expand the vote bank. The study investigates the performance of the scheme on the basis of various parameters, concluding with a list of suggestions from beneficiaries and other stakeholders, on how to make the scheme more effective in meeting its goal of alleviating urban poverty in West Bengal.
Internship Programme with Urban Local Bodies
Urban transportation in the city of Thane has not been able to deliver basic facilities to its commuters. Situation is alarming around the railway station area which is characterized by mixed use of land with diverse economic activities. Despite several procedural and structural interventions aimed at improvement of mobility the present conditions are far from abating. This paper is an attempt to assess one such intervention known as Station Area Traffic Improvement Scheme (SATIS) under which additional space was created by constructing a low level deck and sky walk in front of railway station exclusively for public transport and pedestrians respectively. This study therefore explores if and how the implementation of this scheme has addressed mobility problems around the station area. The methodology used to address these questions has greater emphasis on primary data collection using tools of qualitative research. The paper concludes that engineered optimal interventions are not necessarily ‘the solution’ for the issues of urban transport.
The present paper is going to be an analysis of what has been the most talked about act of the state and its effect on the housing sector in Ranchi district. The Chhota Nagpur Tenancy Act was enacted in 1908 to protect the rights of tribal communities but there are questions being raised on its relevance in modern day context. This study will look into various aspects and details related to the research topic to figure out whether actually this act is an obstacle in the development of housing sector in Ranchi district.
The aim to carry out this research is to understand how public services are distributed to the citizens of a country by looking at the expenditure done by various entities under the government which are responsible for provision of these services to the citizens. And also to analyze their trend of expenditure in past years and on that basis, policy makers can take certain required steps to ensure better provision of these public services to the citizens so as to improve their welfare and of the economy as a whole.
This research was carried to understand the actual scenario of land acquisition problems in Nagaland. In order to cope with the fast developing world, the State need to have proper acts and laws in place to ensure easy acquisition of land for development purposes while protecting the interest of the land owners and keeping the environment aspects in sight. Nagaland, being a tribal state, has unique land holding system. In many occasions, pattern of land holding system is being portrayed as detrimental to development activities in the state. Therefore, to understand the totality of matter this research was done.
Mining creates livelihood for many and minerals for day to day functioning of power plants, cement factories and many other industries. On the other hand, mining disturbs the geomorphology, air, water and soil conditions as mining requires extensive explosions in order to excavate the ever diminishing resource pool. It henceforth becomes a necessity, to investigate in detail, the various hazards that might affect the living conditions of the mining region and at times give rise to disasters like earthquakes and landslides(in hilly areas).
This paper will throw light on the various environmental issues that came forth in Doon valley due to technically backward mining methods. Recently, the mining activities have been put to a hold as per strict orders from the Supreme Court. Efforts were made to suggest apt usage of the mining areas that are rendered useless and are possible grounds for anti-social activities. These efforts made by the government were just enough for the restoration of the vegetation of the mined out areas but what about the large number of people of were left unemployed after the closure of these mines. Some of these abandoned mines can be used for different commercial purposes which can generate employment for many in the vicinity and also be productive for the society. This study is of the overall summary of all the happening in the mining sector in the valley.
Dhapa Dumping ground, the main lifeline of Kolkata’s municipal solid waste disposal is now under the process of being shut down and the initial talks about the remediation process are under way. Given the kind of land use that exists in and around the dumpsite i.e.,(East Kolkata Wetlands and agricultural land), it is crucial to find a suitable use for the land which will be available once the remediation process is over and the post- closure care and plans have been put in place.How successful will the remediation process be and what will be the impacts is an important question, however, this will require greater understanding of the technical aspect of the project which will not be the scope of this research study. However, through this report a broader perspective is studied resulting from land use patterns, laws and by laws of the wetlands, the city and the fundamental elements that bring the wetlands, the agricultural land and the dumping ground together towards bringing a certain functionality to the city.
There have been certain proposals laid out as to what should be the fate of the dumping ground after closure. Thus this report brings together examples of various land uses of former dumping grounds across the world, and an attempt has also been made to understand the situational settings in which the land use plans were made and to apply them to the situational setting of the Dhapa Dumping ground.
The city of Guwahati is undergoing a rapid urbanization (35.81% urbanization) which has resulted into substantial growth in the population of the city. This has ultimately laid pressure on the service provision and the resources available. On one hand the ground water level of the city has decreased to an alarming rate and on the other hand there is a rise in the private water suppliers which has added to further exploitation of the ground water. The piped water supply provided by the Guwahati Municipal Corporation caters to only 30% of the city population. This paper attempts to look in to the reasons and relation between the key issues of ground water depletion, rise of private water suppliers and the role of Municipal Corporation. Several primary and secondary data has been collected through interviews, visiting different sites of the city and referring to several journals, official websites and newspapers respectively.